Category Archives: ballance

Sonopachydermaephiliae

Rather than read TiS’ entry on elephants and greif, i took a long desired and too-oft belayed trip to find some tones for thought by the Olde Ones.

The Thai Elephant Orchestra

open playlist in new windowDave Soldier, Elephant Sonic PerpetuatorGANESHA(An Elephant Jam D/L) Tell me again how Man is the Measure, motherfucker.

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Justice as a Function of Time/Distance

The King can do no wrong, or at least can’t be tried for it; as that may divulge sensitive data critical to His Inteligence Work™. Which is so brilliant. Although domesticly His Excellency’s drooling lackies seem to think that IEDs could bloom in shopping malls near YourTown anyday now. Which is most probably no doubt scheduled, but will remain unacted on. See, it’s the End of 3rd Quarter, Autumn of a year prior to a presidential election. Cheney and Dubya will have to light the fuse themselves, and they’d better hurry. It seems that Time is about to become a Distance, and this will probably sting a little.


Abu You Too
Uploaded by _cVc_

25hz
600 X 491

Kundaliza

code:

…And Now, The Other News.

This is the B-Side to the previous nicey-nice post of food and chuckles.

Aljazeera English Special Reports


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Iraq: The hidden facts


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OK, shake it off with Louis CK.

Lucky LouisVille

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Oil, Anbar, & US

Iraq: Mixing Blood & Oil

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Ghosts of Anbar


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Death ‘n’ Texas

N35T – D34th_n_T3x4s
– alternate soundtracking by MIA –
MIA ~ Piracy Funds Terrorism

398
Offender Information
Last Statement
Yes I would. Carrie it’s been a joy and a blessing. Take care, give everybody my regards. I love you, and I’ll see you in eternity. Father take me home. I am ready to go.
Johnson, Lonnie
999135
44
07/24/2007
Black
Harris

397
Offender Information
Last Statement
, I do.� I thank the Lord for giving me my friends, for getting me the ones I love.� Lord reach down and help innocent men on death row.� Lee Taylor needs help, Bobby Hines, Steve Woods.� Not all of us are innocent, but those are.� Cleve Foster needs help.� Melyssa, I love you girl.� I know I wasn’t going to say anything, but I’ve got to.� Jack, Irene, Danny, Doreen, I love you guys.� I said I was going to tell a joke.� Death has set me free.� That’s the biggest joke, I deserve this.� And the other joke is I am not Patrick Bryan Knight, and ya’ll can’t stop this execution now.� Go ahead, I’m finished.� Come on, tell me Lord.� I love you Melyssa, take care of that little monster for me.
Knight, Patrick
999072
39
06/26/2007
White
Randall

396
Offender Information
Last Statement
I love ya’ll and I’m gonna miss ya’ll.
Reyes, Gilberto
999352
33
06/21/2007
Hispanic
Bailey

395
Offender Information
Last Statement
First of all, you have every right to hate me and every right to want to see this. To you and to my family, you don’t deserve to see this.� I wasn’t going to apologize by letter, I wanted to apologize face to face.� None of this should have happened.� It is the right thing to do.� I have a good family, just like you are a good family.� I hope that any bitterness that you have because of what I did, I hope you can learn to forgive.� I asked my family to contact you, because they did no wrong.� I am responsible and I am sorry to you all.� Thank you all my Jefe (dad), my brothers, Maria and my Grandfather.� Thank you, we will see each other again.� Thank you, Lord Jesus receive my spirit.
Rodriguez, Lionell
999002
36
06/20/2007
Hispanic
Harris

394
Offender Information
Offender declined to make a last statement.
Griffith, Michael
999176
56
06/06/2007
White
Harris

393
Offender Information
Offender declined to make a last statement.
Smith, Charles
953
41
05/16/2007
White
Pecos

392
Offender Information
Last Statement
Yes, Sir I do.� I’d like to say I love my mother, brother, sister, grandmother, cousins, and nieces, and my brothers and sisters I have never met.� I do apologize to the Surace family.� I am responsible for them losing their mother, their father, and their grandmother.� I never meant for them to be taken.� I am sorry for what I did and I take responsibility for what I did.� That is all Warden.
Dickson, Ryan
999250
30
04/26/2007
White
Potter

391
Offender Information
Last Statement
Uh, I don’t know, Um, I don’t know what to say.� I don’t know.� (pauses)� I didn’t know anybody was there.� Howdy.
Clark, James
999095
38
04/11/2007
White
Denton

390
Offender Information
Last Statement
Yes sir,� I charge the people of the jury.� Trial Judge, the Prosecutor that cheated to get this conviction.� I charge each and every one of you with the murder of an innocent man.� All the way to the CCA, Federal Court, 5th Circuit and Supreme Court.� You will answer to your Maker when God has found out that you executed an innocent man.� May God have mercy on you.

My love to my son, my daughter, Nancy, Kathy, Randy, and my future grandchildren.� I ask for forgiveness for all of the poison that I brought into the US, the country I love.� Please forgive me for my sins.� If my murder makes it easier for everyone else let the forgiveness please be a part of the healing.� Go ahead Warden, murder me.� Jesus take me home.
Pippin, Roy
999170
51
03/29/2007
White
Harris

389
Offender Information
Last Statement
I do, I would like to tell everybody that I’m sorry about the situation that happened.� My bad – everybody is here because of what happened.� I’d like to thank everybody that’s been here through the years.� The little kids overseas – they really changed me.� Sister Doris, mom, brothers, sister, dad; I love ya’ll.� My brother… where’s my stunt double when you need one?� My Lord is my life and savior, nothing shall I fear.
Gutierrez, Vincent
999262
28
03/28/2007
Hispanic
Bexar

388
Offender Information
Last Statement
Ya’ll know I love you, you too Ward.� You have been a good friend.� You are a good investigator.� Doug, I thank you for coming from Michigan.� Chris and David, I love you.� Thank them for their support Doug.� Debra, James, I’m not crying so you don’t cry.� Don’t be sad for me.� I’m going to be with God, Allah, and Momma.� I’m gonna ask dad why didn’t give you away at your wedding.� Randy Greer, my little brother, I’ll be watching you, stay out of trouble.� All my nieces and nephews, I love you all.� Sammie, Vincent, and Yolanda, I will be watching over you all.
The reason it took them so long is because they couldn’t find a vein.� You know how I hate needles – I used to stay in the Doctor’s Office.� Tell the guys on Death Row that I’m not wearing a diaper.� I can’t think of anything else.� You all stay strong.� Now you can put this all aside.� Don’t bury me in the prison cemetery.� Bury me right beside momma.� Don’t bury me to the left of dad, bury me on the right side of mom.
Kim Schaeffer, you are a evil woman.� You broke the law.� The judges and courts helped you and you didn’t have all the facts.� When you look at the video, you know you can’t see anyone.� You overplayed your hand looking for something against me and to cover it up the State is killing me.� I’m not mad or bitter though.� I’m sad that you are stuck here and have to go through all of this.� I am going somewhere better.� My time is up.� Let me get ready to make my transition.� Doug, don’t forget Marcy.
Nealy, Charles
999289
42
03/20/2007
Black
Dallas

387
Offender Information
Last Statement
Profanity directed toward staff.
Nichols, Joseph
709
45
03/07/2007
Black
Harris

386
Offender Information
Last Statement
Yes sir, Ernest, Christopher, Ochente, Mary and Jennifer tell all the kids I love them and never forget.� Tell Bobby, Mr. Bear will be dancing for them.� Tell Bear not to feel bad.� My love always, I love you all.� Stay strong Mary, take care of them.� I love you too.� I am ready Warden.
Perez, Robert
999322
48
03/06/2007
Hispanic
Dallas

385
Offender Information
Last Statement
Offender declined to make a last statement.
Miller, Donald
728
44
02/27/2007
White
Harris

384
Offender Information
Last Statement
Yes, for all of those that want this to happen, I hope that you get what you want and it makes you feel better and that it gives you some kind of relief.� I don’t know what else to say.� For those that I have hurt, I hope after a while it gets better.� I love you, I love you.� I am sorry.� That’s it, goodbye.� I love you Irene, I love you sis.
Anderson, Newton
999355
30
02/22/2007
White
Smith

383
Offender Information
Last Statement
You know, once upon a time diamonds were priceless.� I never knew until I ran across my own.� I just want Eve to know that.� One of these days I’m going to return and get that for myself.� Thank you to my family, I love you.� Each and every one of you.� This is not the end, but the beginning of a new chapter for you and I together forever.� I love you all.� Remember what I told you Brad.� Ms. Irene, God bless you, I love you.� See you on the other side.� Warden, murder me.� Saddam and Gomorrah which is Harris County.
Jackson, James
999272
47
02/07/2007
Black
Harris

382
Offender Information
Last Statement
Offender declined to make a last statement.
Swift, Christopher
999496
31
01/30/2007
White
Denton

381
Offender Information
Last Statement
Jennifer, where are you at?� I’m sorry, I did not know the man but for a few seconds before I shot him.� It was done out of fear, stupidity, and immaturity.� It wasn’t until I got locked up and saw the newspaper.� I saw his face and his smile and I knew he was a good man.� I am sorry for all your family and my disrespect – he deserved better.� Sorry Gus.� I hope all the best for you and your daughters.� I hope you have happiness from here on out.� Quit the heroin and methadone.� I love you dad, Devin, and Walt.� We’re done Warden
Moore, Jonathan
999216
32
01/17/2007
White
Bexar

380
Offender Information
Last Statement
Yes, Love you mom, love you pop, love you Sara, and Amanda.� Um, Cathy you know I never meant to hurt you.� I gave you everything and that’s what made me so angry.� But I didn’t mean to hurt you.� I am sorry.� That’s it.
Granados, Carlos
999307
36
01/10/2007
Hispanic
Williamson

In two (2) days, the above list’s parent chart will be topped off, and entry 399 will be posted on the Texas Department of Criminal Justice’s Executed Offenders Database.

Regardez this bulliten from New York’s Teishan:

Save Kenneth Foster, to be Executed in 2 Days
Thanks Mia for the tireless work in NYC.

Most of you have probably heard of Kenneth Foster. He has been on death row for the past 10 years under Texas’s law of parties. He is to be exicuted this thursday night!

Foster was found guilty in a murder trial in which the judge and jury knew of his innosence. They are aware that he was not the murderer nor did he know that a murder was to occure. He is being exicuted because of his lack of prior knowledge to the time leading up to the murder. To read more on his story, you can visit:
http://www.freekenneth.com

This THURSDAY at 6:30 PM, join the Campaign to End the Death Penalty,
local activists, and community members at a rally and vigil for Kenneth
Foster, who is scheduled to be executed in Texas that night. We will gather in front of the State Office Building in Harlem at 125th St. and Adam Clayton Powell Blvd to show our solidarity with Kenneth and his family and speak out against the execution.

Call 917-435-3614 for more information.

I’m pro-death, as anybody who knows me can attest, but this is just asinine. This isn’t like Mumia; no-one is saying the kid killed anybody or even that he had an inkling that murder was a possible night-cap activity on the evening in question. Yeah, he was out bus-thugging with some dipshits and a gun in his Pappy’s rental. He’s a dipshit too. Not a killer. There’s a big fucking difference, it’s a tangible one. See, with dipshits, you just wind up with something stolen or broken. Petty shit. With killers, well….somebody’s dead.

We’re crunching some numbers from the Texas Death Depository right now, just for giggles (and to avoid work). BRB.

****Time Passes****

Is that you, John Wayne? Is this me?

Counties Where One Should Avoid Friday Night Blackness

Research was halted due to scooter sales and low margins required by the Cj_08 Texas Study Group, since we’ve pretty much had it in for the Lone Star State since my daddy was born in Oklahoma. Thus, only Dallas County population data is filled in here.

Counties Where It Just Doesn’t Pay To Be Whitey

Well…hmph. Texas just likes killin’ folk, it would seem.

Fill in the blanks, win a smug sense of anarcho-geek acomplishment. Download Ms_Kz Excel Notes (.xls)
of data pulled from the Texas Department of Criminal Justice’s Executed Offenders Database today!

Update 9_4_2007

400 Offender Information
Last Statement
Could you please tell that lady right there, can I see her, she is not looking at me. I want you to understand something, hold no animosity towards me. I want you to understand please forgive me. When I get to the gates of Heaven I will open my arms for you. Please forgive me, do not worry about what is going to happen. I don’t want you to worry. I don’t want you to suffer, I am not mad at you. Shed no tears for me. Even though you don’t know me, I love you, I love all of ya’ll. I ask ya’ll in your heart to forgive me.

To my family, I love all of you. What’s happening now, you are suffering. I didn’t mean to hurt you. Stephanie, Felicia, Carlos and my Father. I love my Father. I want you to understand that life goes on. Continue to live your life and don’t be angry at what is happening to me. This is destiny, this is life. This is something I have to do and I am going to be with my momma and your momma. I want everyone to continue to live your life. Thank you and I love all of you.

What is happening to me now is unjust and the system is broken. At the same time I bear witness there is no God but Allah and the Prophet Mohammad. Unto Allah, I belong unto Allah I return. I love you.

Conner Johnny 999324 32 08/22/2007 Black Harris

399 Offender Information
Last Statement
Can ya’ll hear me? Tell my family that I love ya’ll. Joe, Tim, everybody – keep your head up. I love you.
Parr Kenneth 999312 27 08/15/2007 Black Matagorda

As you can see, i was wrong.


Kenneth Foster Lives!

I love being wrong.

The Only Complete Compendium Of US State Electoral Laws


The Warroom Library:
State Statutes

  �Thomas Paine was sold out!

The wheel skids across the road of the United States electoral college at the State level, which gives rise to all sorts of misbeleifs regarding it’s intention and effect. The Constitution hands off specifics of elector choice and disposition to the States, at which point most folks assume this bizarre institution just becomes a representatively democratic process and not a questionable apostrophe of Federalism.

It does not.

Shouts Out, stenostyle, to

NARA – Feddies Who Care!!!&trade:

—-and—-

FindLaw.Com – When You Want to…find a law.

NARA is the United States Federal Register National Archives and Records Administration, and they have as complete a primer on the electoral system as one could expect. To sum it up, the States’ are allotted electors by Congressional District, and they may legislate voting procedure. If they don’t, the electors are free to vote as they wish.

states who have no laws guiding electors

ARIZONA – 10 Electoral Votes
ARKANSAS – 6 Electoral Votes
DELAWARE – 3 Electoral Votes
GEORGIA – 15 Electoral Votes
IDAHO – 4 Electoral Votes
ILLINOIS – 21 Electoral Votes
INDIANA – 11 Electoral Votes
IOWA – 7 Electoral Votes
KANSAS – 6 Electoral Votes
KENTUCKY – 8 Electoral Votes
LOUISIANA – 9 Electoral Votes
MINNESOTA – 10 Electoral Votes
MISSOURI – 11 Electoral Votes
NEW HAMPSHIRE – 4 Electoral Votes
NEW JERSEY – 15 Electoral Votes
NEW YORK – 31 Electoral Votes
NORTH DAKOTA – 3 Electoral Votes
PENNSYLVANIA – 21 Electoral Votes
RHODE ISLAND – 4 Electoral Votes
SOUTH DAKOTA – 3 Electoral Votes
TENNESSEE – 11 Electoral Votes
TEXAS – 34 Electoral Votes
UTAH – 5 Electoral Votes
WEST VIRGINIA – 5 Electoral Votes
Total Votes Up For Grab:

257

Majority Needed to Elect:

270

hrm

states who have laws controling electors

ALABAMA – 9 Electoral Votes
ALASKA – 3 Electoral Votes
CALIFORNIA – 55 Electoral Votes
COLORADO – 9 Electoral Votes
CONNECTICUT – 7 Electoral Votes
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA – 3 Electoral Votes
FLORIDA – 27 Electoral Votes
HAWAII – 4 Electoral Votes
MAINE – 4 Electoral Votes
MARYLAND – 10 Electoral Votes
MASSACHUSETTS – 12 Electoral Votes
MICHIGAN – 17 Electoral Votes
MISSISSIPPI – 6 Electoral Votes
MONTANA – 3 Electoral Votes
NEBRASKA – 5 Electoral Votes
NEVADA – 5 Electoral Votes
NEW MEXICO – 5 Electoral Votes
NORTH CAROLINA – 15 Electoral Votes
OHIO – 20 Electoral Votes
OKLAHOMA – 7 Electoral Votes
OREGON – 7 Electoral Votes
SOUTH CAROLINA – 8 Electoral Votes
VERMONT – 3 Electoral Votes
VIRGINIA – 13 Electoral Votes
WASHINGTON – 11 Electoral Votes
WISCONSIN – 10 Electoral Votes
WYOMING – 3 Electoral Votes
Total Votes Pararegulated:

272

Majority Needed to Elect:

270


ALABAMA – 9 Electoral Votes
Party Pledge / State Law –
� 17-19-2

Section 17-19-2

Certification of names of candidates; nominating petitions; names of electors; statement of electors.

(a) When presidential electors are to be chosen, the Secretary of State of Alabama shall certify to the judges of probate of the several counties the names of all candidates for President and Vice-President who are nominated by any national convention or other like assembly of any political party or by written petition signed by at least 5,000 qualified voters of this state.

(b) The certificate of nomination by a political party convention must be signed by the presiding officer and secretary of the convention and by the chairman of the state executive or central committee of the political party making the nomination. Any nominating petition, to be valid, must contain the signatures as well as the addresses of the petitioners. Such certificates and petitions must be filed in the office of the Secretary of State no later than the 6th day of September next preceding the day fixed for the election.

(c) Each certificate of nomination and nominating petition must be accompanied by a list of the names and addresses of persons, who shall be qualified voters of this state, equal in number to the number of presidential electors to be chosen. Each person so listed shall execute the following statement which shall be attached to the certificate or petition when the same is filed with the Secretary of State: “I do hereby consent and do hereby agree to serve as elector for President and Vice-President of the United States, if elected to that position, and do hereby agree that, if so elected, I shall cast my ballot as such elector for _____ for President and _____ for Vice-President of the United States” (inserting in said blank spaces the respective names of the persons named as nominees for said respective offices in the certificate to which this statement is attached).

(Acts 1975, 3rd Ex. Sess., No. 138, p. 370, �2; Act 2003-311, p. 731, �1.)

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ALASKA – 3 Electoral Votes
Party Pledge / State Law –
� 15.30.040; 15.30.070

Sec. 15.30.010. Provision of selection of electors. Electors of President and Vice President of the United States are selected by election at the general election in presidential election years. (Sec. 6.01 ch 83 SLA 1960; am sec. 10 ch 71 SLA 1972)

Sec. 15.30.020. Number and manner of selecting candidates. Each political party shall select a number of candidates for electors of President and Vice-President of the United States equal to the number of senators and representatives to which the state is entitled in Congress. The candidates for electors shall be selected by the state party convention or in any other manner prescribed by the bylaws of the party. The chairperson and secretary of the state convention or any other party official designated by the party bylaws shall certify a list of the names of candidates for electors to the director on or before September 1 in presidential election years. (Sec 6.02 ch 83 SLA 1960; am sec. 143 ch 100 SLA 1980; am sec. 61 ch 82 SLA 2000)

Sec. 15.30.025. Qualifications for limited political parties. (a) A limited political party may be organized for the purpose of selecting candidates for electors of President and Vice President of the United States by filing with the director at least 90 days before a presidential general election a petition signed by qualified voters of the state equaling in number at least one percent of the number of voters who cast ballots for President at the last presidential election. The petition shall state that the signers intend to organize a limited political party, that they intend to select candidates for electors of President and Vice President of the United States at the next succeeding presidential election, and the name of the limited political party.

(b) A limited political party organized under this section may not assume a name which is so similar to an existing political party as to confuse or mislead the voters at an election. If the director determines that the name of the limited political party set out in a petition is confusing or misleading, the director may refuse to accept the petition for filing.

(c) A limited political party organized under this section ceases to be a limited political party if its presidential candidate fails to receive at least three percent of the number of voters who cast ballots for the office of President at a presidential election. (Sec. 1 ch 160 SLA 1970; am sec. 144 ch 100 SLA 1980; am secs. 28, 29 ch 85 SLA 1986)

Sec. 15.30.030. Qualification of electors. Any qualified voter except a United States senator or representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States may be selected as a candidate for elector. (Sec. 6.03 ch 83 SLA 1960)

Sec. 15.30.040. Requirement of party pledge. The party shall require from each candidate for elector a pledge that as an elector the person will vote for the candidates nominated by the party of which the person is a candidate. (Sec. 6.04 ch 83 SLA 1960)

Sec. 15.30.050. Interpretation of votes cast for candidates for President and Vice President. In voting for presidential electors, a vote marked for the candidates for President and Vice President is considered and counted as a vote for the presidential electors of the party. (Sec 6.05 ch 83 SLA 1960)

Sec. 15.30.060. Notification of electors. When the results of the election of presidential electors have been determined, the director shall send a certificate of election to each elector and shall notify the electors of the time and place of their meeting and of their duties as electors. (Sec. 6.06 ch 83 SLA 1960; am sec. 145 ch 100 SLA 1980)

Sec. 15.30.070. Place and time of meeting. The electors shall meet at the office of the director or other place designated by the director at 11:00 o’clock in the morning on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December following their election. If Congress fixes a different day for the meeting, the electors shall meet on the day designated by the Act of Congress. (Sec. 6.07 ch 83 SLA 1960; am sec. 146 ch 100 SLA 1980)

Sec. 15.30.080. Filling of vacancies. If there is a vacancy caused by death, failure to attend, ineligibility or other cause, and if available alternates have not been designated, the electors shall fill the vacancy by plurality vote. (Sec. 6.08 ch 83 SLA 1960; am sec. 25 ch 136 SLA 1966)

Sec. 15.30.090. Duties of electors. After any vacancies have been filled, the electors shall proceed to cast their votes for the candidates for the office of President and Vice President of the party which selected them as candidates for electors and shall perform the duties of electors as required by the constitution and laws of the United States. The director shall provide administrative services and the Department of Law shall provide legal services necessary for the electors to perform their duties. (Sec. 6.09 ch 83 SLA 1960; am sec. 147 ch 100 SLA 1980)

Sec. 15.30.100. Compensation of electors. Each elector is entitled to receive from the state treasury the same per diem and travel expenses allowed members of the legislature. (Sec. 6.10 ch 83 SLA 1960; sec. 25 ch 14 SLA 1987)

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CALIFORNIA – 55 Electoral Votes
State Law –
� 6906
PDF d/l of proposed amendment

6900. The term “elector” or “presidential elector” as used in this
chapter means an elector of President and Vice President of the
United States, and not an elector as defined in Section 321.

6901. Whenever a political party, in accordance with Section 7100,
7300, 7578, or 7843, submits to the Secretary of State its certified
list of nominees for electors of President and Vice President of the
United States, the Secretary of State shall notify each candidate for
elector of his or her nomination by the party. The Secretary of
State shall cause the names of the candidates for President and Vice
President of the several political parties to be placed upon the
ballot for the ensuing general election.

6902. At the general election in each leap year, or at any other
time as may be prescribed by the laws of the United States, there
shall be chosen by the voters of the state as many electors of
President and Vice President of the United States as the state is
then entitled to.

6903. On or before the day of meeting of the electors, the Governor
shall deliver to the electors a list of the names of electors, and
he or she shall perform any other duties relating to presidential
electors which are required of him or her by the laws of the United
States.

6904. The electors chosen shall assemble at the State Capitol at 2
o’clock in the afternoon on the first Monday after the second
Wednesday in December next following their election.

6905. In case of the death or absence of any elector chosen, or if
the number of electors is deficient for any other reason, the
electors then present shall elect, from the citizens of the state, as
many persons as will supply the deficiency.

6906. The electors, when convened, if both candidates are alive,
shall vote by ballot for that person for President and that person
for Vice President of the United States, who are, respectively, the
candidates of the political party which they represent, one of whom,
at least, is not an inhabitant of this state.

6907. The electors shall name in their ballots the person voted for
as President, and in separate ballots the person voted for as Vice
President.

6908. The electors shall make separate lists of all persons voted
for as President and of all persons voted for as Vice President, and
of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign,
certify, seal, and transmit by mail to the seat of the Government of
the United States, directed to the President of the Senate.

6909. Each presidential elector shall receive ten dollars ($10) for
his or her services, and mileage at the rate of five cents ($0.05)
per mile for each mile of travel from his or her domicile to the
State Capitol and return.
Their accounts therefor shall be certified by the Secretary of
State, and audited by the Controller, who shall draw his or her
warrants for the same on the Treasurer, payable out of the General
Fund.

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COLORADO – 9 Electoral Votes
State Law –
� 1-4-304

SECTION�3.��1-4-304 (5), Colorado Revised Statutes, is amended to read:
��������1-4-304.��Presidential electors. (5)��Each presidential elector shall vote for the pair of presidential CANDIDATE and, BY SEPARATE BALLOT, vice-presidential candidates CANDIDATE who received the highest number of votes at the preceding general election in this state.

CONNECTICUT – 7 Electoral Votes
State Law
� 9-175

A good example of state law that contributes to the myth of the electoral college as an expression of democratic process can be seen in the Connecticut Confusion Code, a tiresome section of CN state law which states that “elector” means “voter” at the state level.

It does not at the Federal level. This is a classic red herring/grouse hunt, provided by a classic perpetuator of classic Western electoral tyranny. Remember, the colonial revolt was led by aristocrats with an agenda that did not have it’s roots in the establishment of direct democracy but in the suplantation of local elitism for Imperial elitism.

I’m not going to bother including the text here, i’m still looking into this state’s procedure.

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DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA – 3 Electoral Votes
DC Pledge / DC Law –
� 1-1312(g)

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FLORIDA – 27 Electoral Votes
Party Pledge / State Law –
� 103.021(1)

Title IX� �ELECTORS AND ELECTIONS
Chapter 103� �PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS; POLITICAL PARTIES; EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES AND MEMBERS
103.021� Nomination for presidential electors.–Candidates for presidential electors shall be nominated in the following manner:

(1)��The Governor shall nominate the presidential electors of each political party. The state executive committee of each political party shall by resolution recommend candidates for presidential electors and deliver a certified copy thereof to the Governor before September 1 of each presidential election year. The Governor shall nominate only the electors recommended by the state executive committee of the respective political party. Each such elector shall be a qualified elector of the party he or she represents who has taken an oath that he or she will vote for the candidates of the party that he or she is nominated to represent. The Governor shall certify to the Department of State on or before September 1, in each presidential election year, the names of a number of electors for each political party equal to the number of senators and representatives which this state has in Congress.

(2)��The names of the presidential electors shall not be printed on the general election ballot, but the names of the actual candidates for President and Vice President for whom the presidential electors will vote if elected shall be printed on the ballot in the order in which the party of which the candidate is a nominee polled the highest number of votes for Governor in the last general election.

(3)��Candidates for President and Vice President with no party affiliation may have their names printed on the general election ballots if a petition is signed by 1 percent of the registered electors of this state, as shown by the compilation by the Department of State for the last preceding general election. A separate petition from each county for which signatures are solicited shall be submitted to the supervisor of elections of the respective county no later than July 15 of each presidential election year. The supervisor shall check the names and, on or before the date of the primary election, shall certify the number shown as registered electors of the county. The supervisor shall be paid by the person requesting the certification the cost of checking the petitions as prescribed in s. 99.097. The supervisor shall then forward the certificate to the Department of State which shall determine whether or not the percentage factor required in this section has been met. When the percentage factor required in this section has been met, the Department of State shall order the names of the candidates for whom the petition was circulated to be included on the ballot and shall permit the required number of persons to be certified as electors in the same manner as party candidates.
(4)(a)��A minor political party that is affiliated with a national party holding a national convention to nominate candidates for President and Vice President of the United States may have the names of its candidates for President and Vice President of the United States printed on the general election ballot by filing with the Department of State a certificate naming the candidates for President and Vice President and listing the required number of persons to serve as electors. Notification to the Department of State under this subsection shall be made by September 1 of the year in which the election is held. When the Department of State has been so notified, it shall order the names of the candidates nominated by the minor political party to be included on the ballot and shall permit the required number of persons to be certified as electors in the same manner as other party candidates. As used in this section, the term “national party” means a political party established and admitted to the ballot in at least one state other than Florida.

(b)��A minor political party that is not affiliated with a national party holding a national convention to nominate candidates for President and Vice President of the United States may have the names of its candidates for President and Vice President printed on the general election ballot if a petition is signed by 1 percent of the registered electors of this state, as shown by the compilation by the Department of State for the preceding general election. A separate petition from each county for which signatures are solicited shall be submitted to the supervisors of elections of the respective county no later than July 15 of each presidential election year. The supervisor shall check the names and, on or before the date of the primary election, shall certify the number shown as registered electors of the county. The supervisor shall be paid by the person requesting the certification the cost of checking the petitions as prescribed in s. 99.097. The supervisor shall then forward the certificate to the Department of State, which shall determine whether or not the percentage factor required in this section has been met. When the percentage factor required in this section has been met, the Department of State shall order the names of the candidates for whom the petition was circulated to be included on the ballot and shall permit the required number of persons to be certified as electors in the same manner as other party candidates.

(5)��When for any reason a person nominated or elected as a presidential elector is unable to serve because of death, incapacity, or otherwise, the Governor may appoint a person to fill such vacancy who possesses the qualifications required for the elector to have been nominated in the first instance. Such person shall file with the Governor an oath that he or she will support the same candidates for President and Vice President that the person who is unable to serve was committed to support.

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HAWAII – 4 Electoral Votes
State Law –
�� 14-26 to 14-28

PART II.� PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS

���� �14-21� Nomination of presidential electors and alternates; certification; notification of nominees.� In each year when electors of president and vice president of the United States are to be chosen, each of the political parties or parties or groups qualified under section 11-113 shall hold a state party or group convention pursuant to the constitution, bylaws, and rules of the party or group; and nominate as candidates for its party or group as many electors, and a first and second alternate for each elector, of president and vice president of the United States as the State is then entitled.� The electors and alternates shall be registered voters of the State.� The names and addresses of the nominees shall be certified by the chairperson and secretary of the convention of the respective parties or groups and submitted to the chief election officer not later than 4:30 p.m. on the sixtieth day prior to the general election of the same year.� The chief election officer upon receipt thereof, shall immediately notify each of the nominees for elector and alternate elector of the nomination. [L 1970, c 26, pt of �2; am L 1973, c 217, �4(b); am L 1981, c 100, �2(1); gen ch 1993]

�14-22� Contested nominations of presidential electors and alternates.� If more than one certificate of choice and selection of presidential electors and alternate electors of the same political party or group is filed with the chief election officer, as chairperson of the contested presidential electors’ committee hereby constituted, the chief election officer shall notify the state comptroller and attorney general, who are the remaining members of the committee, of the date, time, and place of the hearing to be held for the purposes of making a determination of which set of electors and alternative electors were lawfully chosen and selected by the political party or group.� Notice of the hearing shall be given to the chairperson of the state central committee of each political party and the chairperson of each party or group qualified under section�11-113, contestants for the positions of electors and alternate electors by written notice, and to all other interested parties by public notice at least once. �A determination shall be made by the committee by majority vote not later than 4:30 p.m. on October�30 of the same year and the determination shall be final.� Notice of the results shall be given to the nominees duly determined to have been chosen.� The committee shall have all the powers enumerated in section 11-43. [L 1970, c 26, pt of �2; am L 1973, c 217, �4(c); am L 1981, c 100, �2(2); gen ch 1993; am L 1998, c 2, �7]

����
�14-23� Time for election, number to be chosen.� In each presidential election year there shall be elected at large, at the general election, by the voters of the State, as many electors and alternates of president and vice president of the United States as the State is then entitled to elect, in the manner provided under section 11-113.� The electors and the alternates must be registered voters of the State.� The election shall be conducted and the results thereof determined in conformity with the laws governing general elections except as otherwise provided. [L 1970, c 26, pt of �2; am L 1977, c 189, �3]

� �14-24� Certificate of election, notice of meeting.� Not later than 4:30 p.m. on the last day in the month of the election, or as soon as the returns have been received from all counties in the State, if received before that time, the chief election officer shall certify to the governor the names of the presidential electors and alternates of the same political party or group as the candidates for president and vice president receiving the highest number of votes as elected as presidential electors and alternates.� Thereupon the governor shall in accordance with the laws of the United States, communicate by registered mail under the seal of the State of Hawaii to the administrator of general services of the United States, the certificates of persons elected as presidential electors, setting forth the names of the electors and the total number of votes cast for each elector.� The chief election officer shall thereupon, together with a notice of the time and place of the meeting of the electors, cause to issue and transmit to each elector and alternate a certificate of election signed by the governor in substantially the following form:

CERTIFICATE OF ELECTION OF
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS

����
I,……………Governor of the State of Hawaii, do hereby certify that……………, a member of the……………party or group, was on the……………day of……………, 19….., duly elected a Presidential Elector for the State of Hawaii for the presidential election of 19…..

CERTIFICATE OF ELECTION OF
ALTERNATE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTOR

���� I,……………Governor of the State of Hawaii, do hereby certify that……………, a member of the……………party or group, was on the……………day of……………, 19….., duly elected……………Alternate Presidential Elector for Presidential Elector……………for the State of Hawaii for the presidential election of 19…… [L 1970, c 26, pt of �2; am L 1973, c 217, �4(d); am L 1981, c 100, �2(3)]

���� �14-25� Duties of the governor.� On or before the day of the meeting of the electors the governor shall deliver to the electors a list of the names of electors, and the governor shall perform any other duties relating to the presidential electors which are required of the governor by laws of the United States. [L 1970, c 26, pt of �2; gen ch 1985]

���� �14-26� Assembly of electors at state capital; time.� The electors chosen shall assemble at the state capital on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December next following their election, at two o’clock in the afternoon. [L 1970, c 26, pt of �2]

���� �14-27� Filling vacancies of presidential electors.� In case of the death or absence of any elector chosen, or if the number of electors is deficient for any other reason, the vacancy or vacancies shall be filled by the alternates in the order of their numerical designation for their respective electors causing the vacancy or vacancies, and in the event that vacancy or vacancies still exist, then the electors present shall select from the members of the same political party or group as many persons as will supply the deficiency.� Certificates for the alternates or substitutes as presidential electors shall be issued by the governor. [L 1970, c 26, pt of �2; am L 1981, c 100, �2(4)]

���� �14-28� Convening and voting for president and vice president; party vote.� The electors, when convened, if both candidates are alive, shall vote by ballot for that person for president and that person for vice president of the United States, who are, respectively, the candidates of the political party or group which they represent, one of whom, at least, is not an inhabitant of this State. [L 1970, c 26, pt of �2; am L 1981, c 100, �2(5)]

���� �14-29� Naming persons voted for in ballots, separate ballots.� The electors shall name in their ballots the person voted for as president, and in separate ballots the person voted for as vice president. [L 1970, c 26, pt of �2]

���� �14-30� Lists of persons voted for and number of votes, certification, transmission to president of the senate.� The electors shall separately list the persons voted for as president and as vice president, respectively, and the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign, certify, seal, and transmit by mail, one copy to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the president of the senate of the United States, and make such other disposition of the lists as required by law. [L 1970, c 26, pt of �2]

���� �14-31� Compensation and mileage of electors, amounts.� Each presidential elector shall receive $50 for the elector’s services, plus the reasonable cost of transportation from the elector’s voting residence in the State to the state capital and return.� Their accounts shall be certified to by the chief election officer and audited by the state comptroller, and shall be payable out of the general fund. [L 1970, c 26, pt of �2; gen ch 1985]�

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MAINE – 4 Electoral Votes
State Law –
� 805

Title 21-A:�ELECTIONS
��Chapter 9:�CONDUCT OF ELECTIONS
����Subchapter 5:�PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS
������
�805.�Convention duties

����The duties of the presidential electors in convention are as follows.�[1985, c. 161, �6 (new).]

����
� 1. Separate ballots. When convened as required by section 804, the presidential electors shall each cast separate ballots for President and Vice President, at least one of whom must not be a resident of this State.[1985, c. 161, �6 (new).]

�����
2. Presidential electors. The presidential electors at large shall cast their ballots for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates who received the largest number of votes in the State. The presidential electors of each congressional district shall cast their ballots for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates who received the largest number of votes in each respective congressional district.[1985, c. 161, �6 (new).]

�����
3. Certificate prepared and sent. The presidential electors shall make and subscribe to 6 certificates containing the number of votes cast separately for President and Vice President. They shall attach one of the lists of electors furnished them by the Governor to each certificate. They shall seal each certificate and attached list in an envelope stating that a certificate of the votes of this State for President and Vice President is contained inside.[1985, c. 161, �6 (new).]

����� 4. Envelope sent immediately.[1989, c. 166, �7 (rp).]

�����
4-A. Certificates sent immediately. The presidential electors shall send immediately by registered mail one certificate to the President of the Senate of the United States and 2 certificates to the Archivist of the United States in Washington, D.C. The presidential electors shall deliver 2 certificates to the Secretary of State, who shall hold one of them subject to the order of the President of the Senate of the United States and shall retain the other for public inspection for one year. The presidential electors shall deliver one certificate to the Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Maine.[1989, c. 166, �8 (new).]

����� 5. Envelope sent next day.[1989, c. 166, �9 (rp).]

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MARYLAND – 10 Electoral Votes
State Law –
� 20-4

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS
?20-1. Right of suffrage and conduct of election.
Each citizen of this State entitled to vote for Delegates to the?General Assembly shall have the right to vote for the whole number?of electors as provided in Sec. 20-2 of this Article. The presidential?electors of the candidates for President and Vice-President who re-?ceive the highest number of votes shall be declared to be elected as?said electors, and shall be deemed so appointed. The said election?shall in all respects be conducted as other elections, except as other-?wise provided in this article, and the returns thereof made and?canvassed as hereinbefore directed.
20-2. Election by general ticket.
On the day fixed by law of the United States for choice of President?and Vice-President of the United States there shall be elected by?general ticket as many electors of President and Vice-President as?this State shall be entitled to appoint. The names of the candidates?for the office of electors of President and Vice-President of the?United States shall not be printed on the ballot, but in lieu thereof?the names of the candidates of each political party for the office of?President and Vice-President shall be printed thereon. A vote for?said candidates for President and Vice-President shall be deemed?and counted as a vote for each of the presidential electors of said?party filed according to the provisions of this article.
20-3. Vacancies among electors.
Upon the meeting of the persons returned elected as electors of?President and Vice-President, or of as many of said persons as may?attend on the day appointed by the Constitution and laws of the?United States, the said electors who are present, before proceeding?to perform the duties reposed in them, shall fill any vacancy which
may exist in the said college of electors at such meeting, whether?such vacancy be occasioned by absence or otherwise. The said per-?son or persons so appointed to fill such vacancy or vacancies shall?be entitled to all rights and privileges of those proclaimed by the?Governor as duly elected electors of President and Vice-President?of the United States.
20-4. Meeting of electors.
The electors for this State shall meet in the State House in the?City of Annapolis. After taking and subscribing the oath prescribed?by Article 1, Section 6 of the Constitution, before the Clerk of the?Court of Appeals, or in his absence before one of his deputies, they?shall give their votes for President and Vice-President of the United?States, on the day fixed by law of the United States, for meetings of?electors of President and Vice-President of the United States, and?shall cast their votes for the candidates who have received a plurality?of the votes cast in the State of Maryland.

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MASSACHUSETTS – 12 Electoral Votes
Party Pledge / State Law –
Ch. 53, � 8, Supp.

Chapter 53: Section 8. Certificates of nomination and nomination papers; contents; party designation

Section 8. All certificates of nomination and nomination papers shall, in addition to the names of candidates, specify as to each, (1) his residence, with street and number, if any, (2) the office for which he is nominated, and (3) except as otherwise provided in this section and except for elections which are not preceded by primaries or political party caucuses, the political designation, if any, which he represents, expressed in not more than three words. This information, in addition to the district name or number, if any, shall be specified on the nomination paper before any signature of a purported registered voter is obtained and the circulation of nomination papers without such information is prohibited. Certificates of nomination made by convention or caucus shall also state what provision, if any, was made for filling vacancies caused by the death, withdrawal or ineligibility of candidates. The state committees of the respective political parties at a meeting called for the purpose shall nominate the presidential electors. The surnames of the candidates for president and vice president of the United States shall be added to the party or political designation of the candidates for presidential electors. Such surnames and a list of the persons nominated for presidential electors, together with an acceptance in writing signed by each candidate for presidential elector on a form to be provided by the state secretary, shall be filed by the state chairmen of the respective political parties not later than the second Tuesday of September. Said acceptance form shall include a pledge by the presidential elector to vote for the candidate named in the filing. To the name of each candidate for alderman at large shall be added the number of the ward in which he resides. To the name of a candidate for a town office who is an elected incumbent thereof there may be added the words “Candidate for Re-election”.
If a candidate is nominated otherwise than by a political party the name of a political party shall not be used in his political designation nor shall the name of any organization which has been adjudicated subversive under section eighteen of chapter two hundred and sixty-four be used in his political designation. Certificates of nomination and nomination papers for city or town offices need not include a designation of the party which the candidate represents. Except in the case of nomination papers of candidates for offices to be filled by all the voters of the commonwealth, or of candidates for town offices and the office of regional district school committee member elected district-wide, no nomination papers shall contain the name of more than one candidate. Such nomination papers for candidates for governor and lieutenant governor shall contain provision for the names and addresses of members of a committee of five registered voters who shall fill any vacancy caused by death, withdrawal, ineligibility or disqualification of either candidate. Such nomination papers for town offices may contain the names of candidates for any or all of the offices to be filled at the town election, but the number of names of candidates on such paper for any one office shall not exceed the number to be elected thereto.
CHAPTER 54. ELECTIONS

MANNER OF VOTING

Chapter 54: Section 78. Voting for presidential electors, governor, and lieutenant governor; marking ballots

Section 78. In order to vote for presidential electors, the voter shall make a cross (X) in the square at the right of the party or political designation appearing on the ballot at the right of the surnames of the candidates for president and vice president, to vote for whom such candidates for electors are nominated; and the making of a cross as aforesaid shall be deemed and taken as a vote for such candidates for presidential electors, except as provided in section thirty-three E. A vote by sticker or write-in in the blank space at the end of the list of names of presidential and vice presidential candidates may be cast for those candidates whose names are contained in lists filed with the state secretary under the provisions of section seventy-eight A and shall be deemed to be a vote for each of the candidates for presidential elector whose names are contained in the appropriate list so filed; provided, however, that in such case the voter shall list only the surnames of the candidates for president and vice president. In order to vote for governor and lieutenant governor, the voter shall mark a cross (X) in the square at the right of the names of the group of candidates for said offices for whom he desires to vote, or by inserting the name and residence of any person for either office in the blank space provided therefor; provided, however, that no such inserted name may be that of a candidate whose name is printed upon the ballot as a candidate for the office.

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MICHIGAN – 17 Electoral Votes
State Law -(Violation cancels vote and elector is replaced).
�168.47

Act 116 of 1954

168.42 Presidential electors; selection at state political party conventions, certification.

Sec. 42.
In the year in which presidential electors are to be elected under section 43, each political party in this state shall choose at its fall state convention a number of candidates for electors of president and vice-president of the United States equal to the number of senators and representatives in congress that this state is entitled to elect. The chairperson and the secretary of the state central committee of each political party shall, within 1 business day after the conclusion of the state convention, forward by registered or certified mail a certificate containing the names of the candidates for electors to the secretary of state. The candidates for electors of president and vice-president who shall be considered elected are those whose names have been certified to the secretary of state by that political party receiving the greatest number of votes for those offices at the next November election.
168.43 Presidential electors; election.

Sec. 43.
At the general November election held in the year 1956 and at the general November election held every fourth year thereafter, electors of president and vice-president of the United States shall be elected in the manner herein provided: Provided, That if congress should hereafter fix a different day for such election, then the election for electors shall be held on such day as shall be named by congress as provided in section 1 of article 2 of the United States constitution.

168.45 Cross or check mark as vote for presidential electors.

Sec. 45.
Marking a cross (X) or a check mark (�) in the circle under the party name of a political party, at the general November election in a presidential year, shall not be considered and taken as a direct vote for the candidates of that political party for president and vice-president or either of them, but, as to the presidential vote, as a vote for the entire list or set of presidential electors chosen by that political party and certified to the secretary of state pursuant to this chapter.

?History: 1954, Act 116, Eff. June 1, 1955 ;– Am. 1985, Act 160, Imd. Eff. Nov. 20, 1985 ?Popular Name: Election Code

68.47 Convening of presidential electors; time and place thereof; resignations; refusal or failure to vote; vacancies.

Sec. 47.
The electors of president and vice-president shall convene in the senate chamber at the capitol of the state at 2 p.m., eastern standard time, on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December following their election. At any time before receipt of the certificate of the governor or within 48 hours thereafter, an elector may resign by submitting his written and verified resignation to the governor. Failure to so resign signifies consent to serve and to cast his vote for the candidates for president and vice-president appearing on the Michigan ballot of the political party which nominated him. Refusal or failure to vote for the candidates for president and vice-president appearing on the Michigan ballot of the political party which nominated the elector constitutes a resignation from the office of elector, his vote shall not be recorded and the remaining electors shall forthwith fill the vacancy. The ballot used by the elector shall bear the name of the elector. If at the time of convening there is any vacancy caused by death, resignation, refusal or failure to vote, neglect to attend, or ineligibility of any person elected, or for any other cause, the qualified electors of president and vice-president shall proceed to fill such vacancy by ballot, by a plurality of votes. When all the electors appear and the vacancy shall be filled, they shall proceed to perform the duties of such electors, as required by the constitution and laws of the United States. If congress hereafter fixes a different day for such meeting, the electors shall meet and give their votes on the day designated by act of congress.

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MISSISSIPPI – 6 Electoral Votes
Party Pledge / State Law –
�23-15-785(3)

� 23-15-785. Certificates of nomination and nominating petitions; preparation of official ballots.

(1)� When presidential electors are to be chosen, the Secretary of State of Mississippi shall certify to the circuit clerks of the several counties the names of all candidates for President and Vice-President who are nominated by any national convention or other like assembly of any political party or by written petition signed by at least one thousand (1,000) qualified voters of this state.

(2)� The certificate of nomination by a political party convention must be signed by the presiding officer and secretary of the convention and by the chairman of the state executive committee of the political party making the nomination. Any nominating petition, to be valid, must contain the signatures as well as the addresses of the petitioners. Such certificates and petitions must be filed with the State Board of Election Commissioners by filing the same in the office of the Secretary of State not less than sixty (60) days previous to the day of the election

(3)� Each certificate of nomination and nominating petition must be accompanied by a list of the names and addresses of persons, who shall be qualified voters of this state, equal in number to the number of presidential electors to be chosen. Each person so listed shall execute the following statement which shall be attached to the certificate or petition when the same is filed with the State Board of Election Commissioners: “I do hereby consent and do hereby agree to serve as elector for President and Vice-President of the United States, if elected to that position, and do hereby agree that, if so elected, I shall cast my ballot as such for ________ for President and ________ for Vice-President of the United States” (inserting in said blank spaces the respective names of the persons named as nominees for said respective offices in the certificate to which this statement is attached.
(4)� The State Board of Election Commissioners and any other official charged with the preparation of official ballots shall place on such official ballots the words “PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS FOR (here insert the name of the candidate for President, the word ‘AND’ and the name of the candidate for Vice-President)” in lieu of placing the names of such presidential electors on such official ballots, and a vote cast therefor shall be counted and shall be in all respects effective as a vote for each of the presidential electors representing such candidates for President and Vice-President of the United States. In the case of unpledged electors, the State Board of Election Commissioners and any other official charged with the preparation of official ballots shall place on such official ballots the words “UNPLEDGED ELECTOR(S) (here insert the name(s) of individual unpledged elector(s) if placed upon the ballot based upon a petition granted in the manner provided by law stating the individual name(s) of the elector(s) rather than a slate of electors).”�

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MONTANA – 3 Electoral Votes
State Law –
�13-25-104

�����13-25-101. Nomination of electors — ballot. (1) Each political party qualified under 13-10-601 shall nominate presidential electors for this state and file certificates of nomination for these candidates with the secretary of state in a form prescribed by the secretary of state no later than 76 days before the general election, in the manner and number provided by law. However, in the event of the death of a candidate for president or vice president, a new candidate for president or vice president, or both, may be nominated for the affected political party and certificates of election may be filed with the secretary of state less than 76 days before a general election.
?�����(2) The secretary of state shall certify to the election administrator the names of the candidates for president and vice president of the several political parties, which must be placed on the ballot by one of the methods provided in 13-12-204. If the name of a new candidate for president or vice president, or both, is certified to the secretary of state in less than 76 days pursuant to subsection (1), the secretary of state shall immediately certify the new name or names to the election administrators and the new name or names must be placed on the ballot by one of the methods provided in 13-12-204.
?�����(3) The names of candidates for electors of president and vice president may not appear on the ballot.
����13-25-102. Election of electors. (1) On the Tuesday next after the first Monday of November in the year in which a president of the United States is to be elected, there shall be elected as many electors for president and vice president of the United States as are allocated to this state.
?�����(2) The votes cast for candidates for president and vice president of each political party shall be counted for the candidates for presidential electors of the political party whose names have been filed with the secretary of state.
�����13-25-103. Returns — lists of electors elected. (1) The votes for candidates for president and vice president shall be given, received, returned, and canvassed as the votes are given, returned, and canvassed for candidates for congress.
?�����(2) The secretary of state shall prepare three lists of names of electors elected and affix the seal of the state to the lists.
?�����(3) The lists shall be signed by the governor and secretary of state and delivered by the latter to the college of electors at the hour of their meeting.
�����13-25-104. Meeting and voting of electors. (1) The electors shall meet in Helena at 2 p.m. on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December following their election.
?�����(2) The electors shall vote by separate ballots for one person for president and one for vice president of the United States.
?�����(3) The electors shall cast their ballots for the persons who received the highest number of votes for president and vice president of the United States, respectively, in the most recently conducted general election in the state of Montana.

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NEBRASKA – 5 Electoral Votes
State Law –
� 32-714

Section 32-713
Presidential electors; notice of appointment; meeting.
The certificates of appointment for presidential electors shall be served by the Governor on each person appointed. The Governor shall notify the presidential electors to be at the State Capitol at noon on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December after appointment and report to the Governor at his or her office in the capitol as being in attendance. The Governor shall serve the certificates of appointment by registered or certified mail. The presidential electors shall convene at 2 p.m. of such Monday at the Governor’s office in the capitol.
Source:
• Laws 1994, LB 76, 213

Annotations:

• Governor appoints presidential electors in accordance with return of state canvassing board. State ex rel. Beeson v. Marsh,
150 Neb. 233, 34 N.W.2d 279 (1948).

~Reissue Revised Statutes of Nebraska

Section 32-714
Presidential electors; vacancies; how filled; meeting; procedure.
The Governor shall provide each presidential elector with a list of all the electors. If any elector is absent or if there is a deficiency in the proper number of electors, those present shall elect from the citizens of the state so many persons as will supply the deficiency and immediately issue a certificate of election, signed by those present or a majority of them, to the person or persons so chosen. In case of failure to elect by 3 p.m. of such day, the Governor shall fill the vacancies by appointment. After all vacancies are filled, the college of electors shall proceed with the election of a President of the United States and a Vice President of the United States and certify their votes in conformity with the Constitution and laws of the United States. Each at-large presidential elector shall cast his or her ballot for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates who received the highest number of votes in the state. Each congressional district presidential elector shall cast his or her ballot for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates who received the highest number of votes in his or her congressional district.
Source:
• Laws 1994, LB 76, 214
Annotations:
• This section provides procedures for meeting of presidential electors. State ex rel. Beeson v. Marsh, 150 Neb. 233, 34 N.W.2d 279 (1948).

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NEVADA – 5 Electoral Votes
State Law –
� 298.050

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS
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� NRS 298.010 �Time when chosen; number. �In each year when the election of President and Vice President of the United States is to take place, there shall be chosen as many electors of President and Vice President of the United States as this State is then entitled to.
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[Part 1:108:1866; B � 2599; BH � 1636; C � 1782; RL � 2765; NCL � 4765] + [3:108:1866; B � 2601; BH � 1638; C � 1784; RL � 2767; NCL � 4767]
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NRS 298.020 �Selection of party’s nominees.
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1. �Each major political party in this State, qualified by law to place upon the general election ballot candidates for the office of President and Vice President of the United States in the year when they are to be elected, shall, at the state convention of the major political party held in that year, choose from the qualified electors, who are legally registered members of that political party, the number of presidential electors required by law and no more, who must be nominated by the delegates at the state convention. Upon the nomination thereof, the chairman and the secretary of the convention shall certify the names and addresses of the nominees to the Secretary of State, who shall record the names in his office as the nominees of that political party for presidential elector.
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2. �Each minor political party in this State, qualified by law to place upon the general election ballot candidates for the office of President and Vice President of the United States in the year when they are to be elected, shall choose from the qualified electors, the number of presidential electors required by law. The person who is authorized to file the list of candidates for partisan office of the minor political party with the Secretary of State pursuant to NRS 293.1725 shall certify the names and addresses of the nominees to the Secretary of State, who shall record the names in his office as the nominees of that political party for presidential elector.
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[1:38:1949; 1943 NCL � 4767.01] + [2:38:1949; A 1953, 135] + [3:38:1949; 1943 NCL � 4767.03]—(NRS A 1969, 65; 1979, 405; 1989, 2172; 1999, 3560)
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NRS 298.025 �Nominees of candidates who receive highest number of votes at general election become presidential electors. �Presidential electors are not nominated at the primary election or placed upon the general election ballot, but the nominees of the presidential and vice presidential candidates who receive the highest number of votes at the general election thereby become the official presidential electors. The presidential electors shall perform the duties of such electors as required by law and the Constitution of the United States.
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(Added to NRS by 1979, 405; A 1993, 2782)
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NRS 298.030 �Time when presidential electors required to convene at seat of government. �The presidential electors so chosen shall convene at the seat of government on the 1st Monday after the 2nd Wednesday in December next after their election, at 2 p.m., or on such other date as the Congress of the United States may by law hereafter provide.
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� [Part 6:108:1866; A 1869, 64; 1917, 391; 1937, 186; 1931 NCL � 4770]
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NRS 298.040 �Filling vacancy upon death or absence of presidential elector. �In case of the death or absence of any presidential elector chosen, or if the number of presidential electors shall from any cause be deficient, the national committeewoman, the national committeeman and the state chairman of the party whose nominees for President and Vice President received the greatest number of votes in the State at the next preceding general election shall forthwith elect, from the qualified electors of this State registered as affiliated with such prevailing party, as many persons as will supply the deficiency. A majority of such three party officials shall be sufficient to fill such vacancies.
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�� [Part 6:108:1866; A 1869, 64; 1917, 391; 1937, 186; 1931 NCL � 4770]—(NRS A 1961, 296)
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NRS 298.050 �Convening and voting for President and Vice President. �The presidential electors, when convened, shall vote by ballot for one person for President and one person for Vice President of the United States, one of whom, at least, must not be an inhabitant of this State. The presidential electors shall vote only for the nominees for President and Vice President of the party or the independent candidates that prevailed in this State in the preceding general election.
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��� [Part 7:108:1866; A 1869, 64; 1917, 391; 1937, 186; 1931 NCL � 4771]—(NRS A 1961, 296; 1993, 2783)
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� NRS 298.060 �Presidential electors to use separate ballots. �The presidential electors shall name in their ballots the persons voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the persons voted for as Vice President.
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[Part 7:108:1866; A 1869, 64; 1917, 391; 1937, 186; 1931 NCL � 4771]
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NRS 298.070 �Lists of persons voted for and number of votes; certification; transmission to President of the Senate. �The presidential electors shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes given for each, which lists they shall sign, certify, seal and transmit to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate.
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[Part 7:108:1866; A 1869, 64; 1917, 391; 1937, 186; 1931 NCL � 4771]
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NRS 298.080 �Proceedings of presidential electors to conform to United States Constitution and laws. �In complying with the provisions of NRS 298.050 to 298.070, inclusive, the presidential electors shall, in all respects, proceed conformably to the Constitution of the United States and the laws of the United States.
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� [Part 7:108:1866; A 1869, 64; 1917, 391; 1937, 186; 1931 NCL � 4771]

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NEW MEXICO – 5 Electoral Votes
State Law -(Violation is a fourth degree felony.)
� 1-15-5 to 1-15-9

1-15-4. Presidential electors; election.
A. ��� The names of the presidential elector nominees shall not be placed upon the general election ballot; instead, the secretary of state shall certify to the county clerks the names of persons nominated by each qualified political party for the offices of president and vice president of the United States.

B. ��� The names of such nominees for president and vice president for each qualified political party shall be printed together in pairs upon the general election ballot. A vote for any such pair of nominees shall be a vote for the presidential electors of the political party by which such nominees were named.
C. ��� The presidential elector nominees of the party whose nominees for president and vice president receive the highest number of votes at the general election shall be the elected presidential electors for this state, and each shall be granted a certificate of election by the state canvassing board.

1-15-5. Presidential electors; duties.
Presidential electors for the state shall perform the duties of the presidential electors required by law and the constitution of the United States.

1-15-6. Presidential electors; organization.
A. ��� Presidential electors of the state shall meet at 11:00 a.m. in the office of the secretary of state on the day fixed by the laws of the United States for presidential electors to cast their ballots for president and vice president of the United States.
B. ��� At such meeting the presidential electors shall organize by choosing a presiding officer and a secretary.
C. ��� If the full number of electors required by law are not present at such meeting for any reason, those presidential electors present shall, from a list of names nominated by the state chairman of that party, forthwith choose electors from the voters of that state party.
D. ��� The secretary of state shall provide such clerical assistance as needed by the presidential electors in performing their duties.

1-15-8. Presidential electors; electoral college casting ballots; certification of results.
The presidential electors of the state shall meet at noon in the office of the secretary of state on the day fixed by the laws of the United States for presidential electors to cast their ballots for president and vice president and shall proceed to vote by ballot for president and vice president of the United States and to certify the results of such election in accordance with the constitution and laws of the United States. The presidential elector chosen as secretary shall keep a journal of the proceedings and deposit the journal in the office of the secretary of state, where it shall be kept on file.

1-15-9. Presidential electors; penalty.
A. ��� All presidential electors shall cast their ballots in the electoral college for the candidates of the political party which nominated them as presidential electors.
B. ��� Any presidential elector who casts his ballot in violation of the provisions contained in Subsection A of this section is guilty of a fourth degree felony.

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NORTH CAROLINA – 15 Electoral Votes
State Law -(Violation cancels vote; elector is replaced and is subject to $500 fine.)
� 163-212

Article 18.
Presidential Electors.

� 163208. Conduct of presidential election.
Unless otherwise provided, the election of presidential electors shall be conducted and the returns made in the manner prescribed by this Chapter for the election of State officers. (1901, c. 89, s. 79; Rev., s. 4371; C.S., s. 6009; 1933, c. 165, s. 11; 1967, c. 775, s. 1.)

� 163209. Names of presidential electors not printed on ballots.
The names of candidates for electors of President and VicePresident nominated by any political party recognized in this State under G.S. 16396, or nominated under G.S. 1631(c) by a candidate for President of the United States who has qualified to have his name printed on the general election ballot as an unaffiliated candidate under G.S. 163122, shall be filed with the Secretary of State but shall not be printed on the ballot. In the case of the unaffiliated candidate, the names of candidates for electors must be filed with the Secretary of State no later than 12:00 noon on the first Friday in August. In place of their names, there shall be printed on the ballot the names of the candidates for President and VicePresident of each political party recognized in this State, and the name of any candidate for President who has qualified to have his name printed on the general election ballot under G.S. 163122. A candidate for President who has qualified for the general election ballot as an unaffiliated candidate under G.S. 163122 shall, no later than 12:00 noon on the first Friday in August, file with the State Board of Elections the name of a candidate for VicePresident, whose name shall also be printed on the ballot. A vote for the candidates named on the ballot shall be a vote for the electors of the party or unaffiliated candidate by which those candidates were nominated and whose names have been filed with the Secretary of State. (1901, c. 89, s. 78; Rev., s. 4372; C.S., s. 6010; 1933, c. 165, s. 11; 1949, c. 672, s. 2; 1967, c. 775, s. 1; 1991 (Reg. Sess., 1992), c. 782, s. 2; 2001460, s. 5.)

� 163210. Governor to proclaim results; casting State’s vote for President and VicePresident.
Upon receipt of the certifications prepared by the State Board of Elections and delivered in accordance with G.S. 163182.15, the Secretary of State, under seal of the office, shall notify the Governor of the names of the persons elected to the office of elector for President and VicePresident of the United States as stated in the abstracts of the State Board of Elections. Thereupon, the Governor shall immediately issue a proclamation setting forth the names of the electors and instructing them to be present in the old Hall of the House of Representatives in the State Capitol in the City of Raleigh at noon on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December next after their election, at which time the electors shall meet and vote on behalf of the State for President and VicePresident of the United States. The Governor shall cause this proclamation to be published in the daily newspapers published in the City of Raleigh. Notice may additionally be made on a radio or television station or both, but such notice shall be in addition to the newspaper and other required notice. The Secretary of State is responsible for making the actual arrangements for the meeting, preparing the agenda, and inviting guests.
Before the date fixed for the meeting of the electors, the Governor shall send by registered mail to the Archivist of the United States, either three duplicate original certificates, or one original certificate and two authenticated copies of the Certificates of Ascertainment, under the great seal of the State setting forth the names of the persons chosen as presidential electors for this State and the number of votes cast for each. These Certificates of Ascertainment should be sent as soon as possible after the election, but must be received before the Electoral College meeting. At the same time the Governor shall deliver to the electors six duplicate originals of the same certificate, each bearing the great seal of the State. At any time prior to receipt of the certificate of the Governor or within 48 hours thereafter, any person elected to the office of elector may resign by submitting his resignation, written and duly verified, to the Governor. Failure to so resign shall signify consent to serve and to cast his vote for the candidate of the political party which nominated such elector.
In case of the absence, ineligibility or resignation of any elector chosen, or if the proper number of electors shall for any cause be deficient, the first and second alternates, respectively, who were nominated under G.S. 1631(c), shall fill the first two vacancies. If the alternates are absent, ineligible, resign, or were not chosen, or if there are more than two vacancies, then the electors present at the required meeting shall forthwith elect from the citizens of the State a sufficient number of persons to fill the deficiency, and the persons chosen shall be deemed qualified electors to vote for President and VicePresident of the United States. (1901, c. 89, s. 81; Rev., s. 4374; 1917, c. 176, s. 2; C.S., ss. 5916, 6012; 1923, c. 111, s. 12; 1927, c. 260, s. 17; 1933, c. 165, s. 11; 1935, c. 143, s. 2; 1967, c. 775, s. 1; 1969, c. 949, ss. 1, 2; 1981, c. 35, s. 1; 1989, c. 93, s. 5; 1993 (Reg. Sess., 1994), c. 738, s. 1; 2001398, s. 8.)

� 163211. Compensation of presidential electors.
Presidential electors shall be paid, for attending the meeting held in the City of Raleigh on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December next after their election, the sum of fortyfour dollars ($44.00) per day and traveling expenses at the rate of seventeen cents (17�) per mile in going to and returning home from the required meeting. (1901, c. 89, s. 84; Rev., s. 2761; C.S., s. 3878; 1933, c. 5; 1967, c. 775, s. 1; 1979, c. 1008.)

� 163212. Penalty for failure of presidential elector to attend and vote.
Any presidential elector having previously signified his consent to serve as such, who fails to attend and vote for the candidate of the political party which nominated such elector, for President and VicePresident of the United States at the time and place directed in G.S. 163210 (except in case of sickness or other unavoidable accident) shall forfeit and pay to the State five hundred dollars ($500.00), to be recovered by the Attorney General in the Superior Court of Wake County. In addition to such forfeiture, refusal or failure to vote for the candidates of the political party which nominated such elector shall constitute a resignation from the office of elector, his vote shall not be recorded, and the remaining electors shall forthwith fill such vacancy as hereinbefore provided.
The clear proceeds of forfeitures provided for in this section shall be remitted to the Civil Penalty and Forfeiture Fund in accordance with G.S. 115C457.2. (1901, c. 89, s. 83; Rev., s. 4375; C.S., s. 6013; 1933, c. 165, s. 11; 1967, c. 775, s. 1; 1969, c. 949, s. 3; 1998215, s. 131.)

� 163213. Appointment of Presidential Electors by General Assembly in certain circumstances, by the Governor in certain other circumstances.
(a) Appointment by General Assembly if No Proclamation by Six Days Before Electors’ Meeting Day. – As permitted by 3 U.S.C. � 2, whenever the appointment of any Presidential Elector has not been proclaimed under G.S. 163210 before noon on the date for settling controversies specified by 3 U.S.C. � 5, and upon the call of an extra session pursuant to the North Carolina Constitution for the purposes of this section, the General Assembly may fill the position of any Presidential Electors whose election is not yet proclaimed.
(b) Appointment by Governor if No Appointment by the Day Before Electors’ Meeting Day. – If the appointment of any Presidential Elector has not been proclaimed under G.S. 163210 before noon on the date for settling controversies specified by 3 U.S.C. � 5, nor appointed by the General Assembly by noon on the day before the day set for the meeting of Presidential Electors by 3 U.S.C. � 7, then the Governor shall appoint that Elector.
(c) Standard for Decision by General Assembly and Governor. – In exercising their authority under subsections (a) and (b) of this section, the General Assembly and the Governor shall designate Electors in accord with their best judgment of the will of the electorate. The decisions of the General Assembly or Governor under subsections (a) and (b) of this section are not subject to judicial review, except to ensure that applicable statutory and constitutional procedures were followed. The judgment itself of what was the will of the electorate is not subject to judicial review.
(d) Proclamation Before Electors’ Meeting Day Controls. – If the proclamation of any Presidential Elector under G.S. 163210 is made any time before noon on the day set for the meeting of Presidential Electors by 3 U.S.C. � 7, then that proclamation shall control over an appointment made by the General Assembly or the Governor. This section does not preclude litigation otherwise provided by law to challenge the validity of the proclamation or the procedures that resulted in that proclamation. (2001289, s. 2.)

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OHIO – 20 Electoral Votes
State Law –
� 3505.40

The secretary of state shall immediately upon the completion of the canvass of election returns mail to each presidential elector so elected a certificate of his election and shall notify him to attend, at a place in the state capitol which the secretary of state shall select, at twelve noon on the day designated by the congress of the United States, a meeting of the state’s presidential electors for the purpose of discharging the duties enjoined on them by the constitution of the United States. The secretary of state, ten days prior to such meeting, shall by letter remind each such elector of the meeting to be held for casting the vote of the state for president and vice-president of the United States. Each such elector shall give notice to the secretary of state before nine a.m. of that day whether or not he will be present at the appointed hour ready to perform his duties as a presidential elector. If at twelve noon at the place selected by the secretary of state presidential electors equal in number to the whole number of senators and representatives to which the state may at the time be entitled in the congress of the United States, are not present, the presidential electors present shall immediately proceed, in the presence of the governor and secretary of state, to appoint by ballot such number of persons to serve as presidential electors so that the number of duly elected presidential electors present at such time and place plus the presidential electors so appointed shall be equal in number to the whole number of senators and representatives to which the state is at that time entitled in the congress of the United States; provided, that each such appointment shall be made by a separate ballot, and that all appointments to fill vacancies existing because duly elected presidential electors are not present shall be made before other appointments are made, and that in making each such appointment the person appointed shall be of the same political party as the duly elected presidential elector whose absence requires such appointment to be made. In case of a tie vote the governor shall determine the results by lot. The electors making such appointments shall certify forthwith to the secretary of state the names of the persons so appointed and the secretary of state shall immediately issue to such appointees certificates of their appointment and notify them thereof. All of the state’s presidential electors, both those duly elected who are then present and those appointed as herein provided, shall then meet and organize by electing one of their number as chairman and by designating the secretary of state as ex officio secretary and shall then and there discharge all of the duties enjoined upon presidential electors by the constitution and laws of the United States. Each presidential elector shall receive ten dollars for each day’s attendance in Columbus as such and mileage at the rate of ten cents per mile for the estimated distance by the usual route from his place of residence to Columbus. Such compensation and mileage shall be upon vouchers issued by the secretary of state, and shall be paid by the treasurer of state out of the general fund.�

A presidential elector elected at a general election or appointed pursuant to section 3505.39 of the Revised Code shall, when discharging the duties enjoined upon him by the constitution or laws of the United States, cast his electoral vote for the nominees for president and vice-president of the political party which certified him to the secretary of state as a presidential elector pursuant to law.�

HISTORY: 133 v H 500. Eff 11-14-69

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OKLAHOMA – 7 Electoral Votes
State Pledge / State Law – (Violation of oath is a misdemeanor, carrying a fine of up to $1000.)
26, �� 10-102; 10-109

�2610102. Oath for Presidential Electors.

Every party nominee for Presidential Elector shall subscribe to an oath, stating that said nominee, if elected, will cast his ballot for the persons nominated for the offices of President and Vice President by the national convention of his party. Said oath shall be notarized by a notary public and filed with the Secretary of the State Election Board no fewer than ninety (90) days prior to the General Election. Failure of any party nominee to take and file said oath by said date shall automatically vacate his nomination and a substitute nominee shall be selected by the state central committee of the appropriate political party. It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the State Election Board to notify the chairman of the state central committee of the failure of any nominee to file said oath.
Laws 1974, c. 153, � 10102, operative Jan. 1, 1975; Laws 1977, c. 136, � 2.
�2610103. Election of Presidential Electors.
On the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in each year next preceding the expiration of the term of office of each President of the United States, the registered voters of this state shall elect a number of electors for President and Vice President equal to the number of United States Senators and United States Representatives which the state is entitled to elect. Said electors shall be elected in the same manner as is provided for state officers.
Laws 1974, c. 153, � 10103, operative Jan. 1, 1975.
�2610104. Qualifications.
The electors for President and Vice President, hereinafter referred to as Presidential Electors, shall be registered voters of Oklahoma; provided, however, that no United States Senator or United States Representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States shall be a Presidential Elector.
Laws 1974, c. 153, � 10104, operative Jan. 1, 1975.
�2610105. Ballots.
At any General Election in which Presidential Electors are to be elected, the State Election Board shall provide ballots on which the names of the Presidential Electors of each political party shall be bracketed adjacent to the names of said party’s candidates for President and Vice President. The names of the Independent nominees for Presidential Electors shall be bracketed adjacent to the names of the candidates for President and Vice President for whom they have subscribed an oath to cast their ballots or bracketed adjacent to the word “Uncommitted” in the event said nominees are uncommitted. Said ballots shall, in all other respects, have the appearance of ballots used for state officers.
Laws 1974, c. 153, � 10105, operative Jan. 1, 1975; Laws 1977, c. 136, � 3.
�2610106. Certificates of Election.
Certificates of Election issued by the State Election Board to Presidential Electors shall be transmitted to such electors by the Governor.
Laws 1974, c. 153, � 10106, operative Jan. 1, 1975.
�2610107. Electors to meet Duties.
Persons chosen as Presidential Electors shall meet at 10:00 a.m. in the Governor’s office at the time appointed by the laws of the United States and cast their votes in the manner therein provided and perform such duties as may be required by law. Each such Elector shall receive mileage reimbursement at the rate as provided for state employees, said reimbursement to be paid from funds appropriated to the Office of the Governor.
Amended by Laws 1983, c. 171, � 17, emerg. eff. June 6, 1983.
�2610108. Vacancies.

In the event any Presidential Elector fails to meet at the Governor’s office at the prescribed time, it shall be the duty of such Electors present at the time and place aforesaid to appoint a person to fill such vacancy.
Laws 1974, c. 153, � 10108, operative Jan. 1, 1975.
�2610109. Penalty.
Any Presidential Elector who violates his oath as a Presidential Elector shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00).
Laws 1974, c. 153, � 10109, operative Jan. 1, 1975.

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OREGON – 7 Electoral Votes
State Pledge / State Law –
� 248.355

� 248.355 Selection of presidential electors; candidate’s pledge.
(1) In a year when a President and Vice President of the United States are to be nominated and elected, each political party nominating candidates for those offices shall select a number of candidates for elector of President and Vice President equal to the total number of Senators and Representatives to which this state is entitled in Congress.
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� (2) A candidate for elector when selected shall sign a pledge that, if elected, the candidate will vote in the electoral college for the candidates of the party for President and Vice President. The Secretary of State shall prescribe the form of the pledge. The party shall certify the names of the selected candidates for elector to the Secretary of State not later than the 70th day before the election of electors. [Formerly 248.340; 1961 c.46 �1; 1961 c.667 �4; 1965 c.138 �1; 1975 c.779 �16; 1979 c.190 �89; 1993 c.797 �25; 2001 c.965 �2]

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��� 248.360 Election time and number of presidential electors to be elected; names of presidential electors not printed on ballot.
(1) At the general election in a year when a President and Vice President of the United States are to be elected, the electors of this state shall elect as many electors of President and Vice President as this state is entitled to elect Senators and Representatives in Congress.
����� (2) The names of the electors shall not be printed on the general election ballot. A vote for the candidates for President and Vice President shall be a vote for the electors supporting those candidates and selected as provided by law. The general election ballot shall state that electors of President and Vice President are being elected and that a vote for the candidates for President and Vice President shall be a vote for the electors supporting those candidates. [Amended by 1979 c.190 �90; 1993 c.493 �4]

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248.370 Convening of electors; vacancies; duties. The electors of President and Vice President shall convene at the State Capitol on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December following their election. If there is any vacancy in the office of an elector caused by death, refusal to act, neglect to attend or otherwise, the electors present immediately shall fill it by plurality of voice votes. When all the electors have appeared or the vacancies have been filled, the electors shall perform the duties required of them by the Constitution and laws of the United States. [Amended by 1979 c.190 �91; 1995 c.79 �88; 1995 c.607 �12]

����� 248.380 Electors’ mileage expenses. An elector of President and Vice President of the United States who attends at the time and place appointed and votes for President and Vice President shall be entitled to receive from this state mileage expenses at the rate allowed to members of the Legislative Assembly. [Amended by 1957 c.608 �63; 1979 c.190 �92; 1995 c.607 �13]

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SOUTH CAROLINA – 8 Electoral Votes
State Pledge / State Law -(Replacement and criminal sanctions for violation.)
� 7-19-80

SECTION 7-19-70. Election of presidential electors; certificates of appointment.
Unless otherwise provided, the election of presidential electors shall be conducted and the returns made in the manner prescribed by this chapter for the election of state officers.
The names of candidates for electors of President and Vice President nominated by any political party recognized in this State under Section 7-9-10 or by a valid petition shall be filed with the Secretary of State but shall not be printed on the ballot. In place of their names, in accordance with the provisions of Section 7-13-320, there shall be printed on the ballot the names of the candidates for President and Vice President of each political party recognized in this State and the names of any petition candidates for President and Vice President. A vote for the candidates named on the ballot shall be a vote for the electors of the party by which those candidates were nominated or the electors of petition candidates whose names have been filed with the Secretary of State.
Upon receipt of the certified determination of the Board of State Canvassers and delivered to him in accordance with Section 7-17-300, the Secretary of State, under his hand and the seal of his office, as required by Section 7-17-310, shall certify to the Governor the names of the persons elected to the office of elector for President and Vice President of the United States as stated in the certified determination, who shall be deemed appointed as electors.
It shall be the duty of the Governor, as soon as practicable after the conclusion of the appointment of the electors pursuant to the laws of the State providing for the election and appointment of the electors, to communicate by registered mail under the seal of the State to the Administrator of General Services a certificate of appointment of the electors, setting forth the names of the electors and the canvass or other ascertainment under the laws of this State of the number of votes given or cast for each person for whose appointment any and all votes have been given or cast. It shall also thereupon be the duty of the Governor to deliver to the electors of the State, on or before the day on which they are required by law to meet, six duplicate originals of the same certificate under the seal of the State. If there shall have been any final determination in the manner provided for by law of a controversy or contest concerning the appointment of all or any of the electors, it shall be the duty of the Governor, as soon as practicable after the determination, to communicate under the seal of the State to the Administrator of General Services a certificate of such determination.
SECTION 7-19-80. Candidate for elector shall declare for which candidates he will vote; elector shall vote for candidates for whom he declared.
Each candidate for presidential and vice-presidential elector shall declare which candidate for president and vice-president he will vote for if elected. Those elected shall vote for the president and vice-president candidates for whom they declared. Any person selected to fill a vacancy in the electoral college shall vote for the candidates the elector whose place he is taking had declared for. The declaration shall be made to the Secretary of State on such form as he may require not later than sixty days prior to the general election for electors. No candidate for president and vice-president elector shall have his name placed on the ballot who fails to make such declaration by the prescribed time. Any elector who votes contrary to the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of violating the election laws of this State and upon conviction shall be punished according to law. Any registered elector shall have the right to institute proper action to require compliance with the provisions of this section. The Attorney General shall institute criminal action for any violation of the provision of this section. Provided, the executive committee of the party from which an elector of the electoral college was elected may relieve the elector from the obligation to vote for a specific candidate when, in its judgment, circumstances shall have arisen which, in the opinion of the committee, it would not be in the best interest of the State for the elector to cast his ballot for such a candidate.
SECTION 7-19-90. Meeting of electors; organization; balloting and certification of results.
The electors for President and Vice President shall convene at the capitol, in the office of the Secretary of State, at eleven in the forenoon, on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December next following their appointment, and shall proceed to effect a permanent organization by the election of a president and secretary from their own body. The electors shall next proceed to fill by ballot and by plurality of votes all vacancies in the electoral college occasioned by the death, refusal to serve, or neglect to attend, of any elector. The electors shall then and there vote by ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves.
The electors shall make and sign six certificates of all the votes given by them for President and Vice President, each of which certificates shall contain two distinct lists, one of the votes for President and the other for Vice President, and shall annex to each of the certificates one of the lists of the electors which shall have been furnished to them by the Secretary of State by direction of the Governor. The electors shall seal up separately the certificates and lists of the electors so made by them, and certify upon each that the list of all the votes of the State given for President, and of all of the votes given for Vice President are contained therein.

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VERMONT – 3 Electoral Votes
State Law –
title 17, � 2732

TITLE 17
Elections
CHAPTER 57. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

� 2721. Nomination of presidential electors
In presidential election years, presidential electors for major political parties shall be nominated at the party platform convention held pursuant to this title. Electors for all other presidential candidates shall be nominated pursuant to subchapter 3 of chapter 49 of this title. (Added 1979, No. 199 (Adj. Sess.), � 1, eff. May 6, 1980.)
� 2722. Certification of nominees for electors
After adjournment of the platform convention of a major political party, the chairman and secretary of the convention shall promptly execute a sworn statement certifying the names, towns of residence, and correct mailing addresses of the persons nominated by the convention to serve as electors, and shall promptly file the statement with the secretary of state, along with the written consent of each person to be a nominee for elector. (Added 1979, No. 199 (Adj. Sess.), � 1, eff. May 6, 1980.)
� 2731. Certificates of election
When the canvassing board provided for in section 2592 of this title meets, it shall issue its certificates of election, with respect to the presidential election, to the electors nominated by the party whose candidate for president has received the greatest number of votes. (Added 1979, No. 199 (Adj. Sess.), � 1, eff. May 6, 1980.)
� 2732. Meeting of electors
The electors shall meet at the state house on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December next following their election, to vote for president and vice-president of the United States, agreeably to the laws of the United States. If there is a vacancy in the electoral college on that day, occasioned by death, refusal to act, neglect to attend, failure of a person elected to qualify, or for other cause, the other electors present shall at once fill such vacancy viva voce and by a plurality of votes. When all the electors appear or a vacancy therein is filled, the electors shall perform the duties required of them by the constitution and laws of the United States. If a vacancy occurs and is filled as aforesaid, the electors shall attach to the certificate of their votes a statement showing how such a vacancy occurred and their action thereon. The electors must vote for the candidates for president and vice-president who received the greatest number of votes at the general election. (Added 1979, No. 199 (Adj. Sess.), � 1, eff. May 6, 1980.)

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VIRGINIA – 13 Electoral Votes
State Law – (Virginia statute may be advisory – “Shall be expected” to vote for nominees.)
� 24.1-162

24.2-202. Electors for President and Vice President.
The qualified voters of the Commonwealth shall choose the Commonwealth’s electors for President and Vice President of the United States at the general election in November 1996, and every fourth year the
The qualified voters of the Commonwealth shall choose the Commonwealth’s electors for President and Vice President of the United States at the general election in November 1996, and every fourth year thereafter. Each voter shall vote for a number of electors which equals the whole number of senators and representatives to which the Commonwealth at that time is entitled in the Congress of the United States.

� 24.2-203. Convening of electors; filling vacancies; how electors required to vote.
The electors shall convene at the capitol building in the capital city of the Commonwealth at 12:00 noon on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December following their election. Those electors present shall immediately fill, by ballot and by a plurality of votes, any vacancy due to death, failure or inability to attend, refusal to act, or other cause. When all electors are present, or the vacancies have been filled, they shall proceed to perform the duties required of such electors by the Constitution and laws of the United States.
Electors selected by the state convention of any political party as defined in � 24.2-101 shall be required to vote for the nominees of the national convention to which the state convention elects delegates. Electors named in any petition of qualified voters as provided in � 24.2-543 shall be required to vote for the persons named for President and for Vice President in the petition.

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WASHINGTON – 11 Electoral Votes
Party Pledge / State Law -($1000 fine.)
�� 29.71.020, 29.71.040, Supp.

RCW 29A.56.320
Nomination — Pledge by electors — What names on ballots — How counted.
In the year in which a presidential election is held, each major political party and each minor political party or independent candidate convention held under chapter 29A.20 RCW that nominates candidates for president and vice president of the United States shall nominate presidential electors for this state. The party or convention shall file with the secretary of state a certificate signed by the presiding officer of the convention at which the presidential electors were chosen, listing the names and addresses of the presidential electors. Each presidential elector shall execute and file with the secretary of state a pledge that, as an elector, he or she will vote for the candidates nominated by that party. The names of presidential electors shall not appear on the ballots. The votes cast for candidates for president and vice president of each political party shall be counted for the candidates for presidential electors of that political party.

[2003 c 111 � 1425. Prior: 1990 c 59 � 69; 1977 ex.s. c 238 � 1; 1965 c 9 �29.71.020 ; prior: 1935 c 20 � 1; RRS � 5138-1. Formerly RCW 29.71.020.]

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WISCONSIN – 10 Electoral Votes
State Law –
� 7.75

7.75������
7.75Presidential electors meeting.

7.75(1)��
(1) The electors for president and vice president shall meet at the state capitol following the presidential election at 12:00 noon the first Monday after the 2nd Wednesday in December. If there is a vacancy in the office of an elector due to death, refusal to act, failure to attend or other cause, the electors present shall immediately proceed to fill by ballot, by a plurality of votes, the electoral college vacancy. When all electors are present, or the vacancies filled, they shall perform their required duties under the constitution and laws of the United States.

7.75(2)������
(2) The presidential electors, when convened, shall vote by ballot for that person for president and that person for vice president who are, respectively, the candidates of the political party which nominated them under s. 8.18, the candidates whose names appeared on the nomination papers filed under s. 8.20, or the candidate or candidates who filed their names under s. 8.185 (2), except that at least one of the persons for whom the electors vote may not be an inhabitant of this state. A presidential elector is not required to vote for a candidate who is deceased at the time of the meeting.

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WYOMING – 3 Electoral Votes
State Law –
�� 22-19-106; 22-19-108

CHAPTER 19

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS

2219101.��When elected; number.

At a general election for president and vicepresident of the United States, electors for president and vicepresident of the United States shall be elected equal in number to senators and representatives in congress allotted to the state of Wyoming.

2219102.��Nomination.

(a)��In a general election year, the state convention of a political party nominating candidates for president and vice-president of the United States shall nominate the party’s candidates for presidential electors and file certificates of nomination for these candidates with the secretary of state not later than thirty (30) days following termination of the state convention.

(b)��Independent candidates for president shall file the candidate’s nominees for presidential electors not less than seventy (70) days prior to the general election. The nominees shall be qualified electors.

2219103.��Crediting of votes.

The number of votes received by presidential and vice-presidential candidates is the number of votes credited to their electors.

2219104.��Certificate of election; directive.

Immediately upon filing of the certificate of the state canvassing board stating the result of the election, the governor shall issue a certificate of election to candidates elected to the office of presidential elector. The certificate shall direct the elector to attend a meeting with the governor in the office of the secretary of state at 12:00 noon on the Monday following the second Wednesday in December of presidential election years.

2219105.��Vacancy in nomination.

A vacancy in nomination for the office of presidential elector occurring before the general election shall be filled by the state central committee of the political party whose vacancy is to be filled or by an independent candidate’s remaining electors, by certifying the name of the person filling the vacancy to the secretary of state.

2219106.��Certified electors to meet; vacancies.

Certified electors shall convene in the office of the secretary of state at 12:00 noon on the Monday following the second Wednesday in December of presidential election years. A vacancy in the office of elector for any cause including nonattendance shall be filled and certified by a majority of electors present.

2219107.��College of electors; duties.

When all electors are present and vacancies filled they shall constitute the college of electors of the state of Wyoming and shall perform duties as required by the constitution and laws of the United States.

2219108.��How electors to vote.

All Wyoming electors shall vote for the candidates for the office of president and vicepresident receiving the highest number of votes in the Wyoming general election.

2219109.��Compensation and mileage.

An elector shall receive fifty dollars ($50.00) compensation and mileage at the present rate for state employees.

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